Real Property Deeds

A property deed is the legal instrument which transfer interest in real property from grantor to grantee. There are different types of  deeds. However each of them must have grantor, grantee,a property description and grantor’s notarized signature.

Property Deeds are different than property title. Property title is legal ownership and a right to use the property. Legal ownership you can have as single individual or co-owner. Joint tenancy, tenancy in common, community property with rights of survivorship are examples of co-ownership.

Grant deed is most common type of property deed. When a current owner transferring all or part of his interest to the third party grant deed is a proper choice.

A grant deed in California has a limited guarantee of good title. That mean that grantor own the property at the moment of conveyance and has not transferred the same property to someone else before transferring to you. However there is no guarantee in the timeline before the present owner has acquired the property.

A warranty deed guarantees that a property title is free of encumbrances, such as liens and mortgages. A quit claim deed does not guarantee the status of a property title.


Property deeds are essential legal documents in the transfer of real estate ownership. They not only signify the transfer of interest from one party (the grantor) to another (the grantee) but also include critical information such as a detailed description of the property and the notarized signature of the grantor. Understanding the distinction between property deeds and titles is fundamental in real estate transactions. While a property deed is the physical document that facilitates the transfer of ownership, a property title represents the legal ownership and the right to use the property. Ownership can be held by a single individual or shared among co-owners in various forms, including joint tenancy, tenancy in common, and community property with rights of survivorship, each offering different rights and obligations.

Among the various types of property deeds, the grant deed is particularly prevalent. It is utilized when an owner decides to transfer all or a portion of their interest in a property to another party. Grant deeds are favored for their ability to provide a limited guarantee of good title, which assures the grantee that the grantor holds the property at the time of the transfer and that it has not been previously conveyed to another party. However, it’s important to note that this guarantee only covers the period of the grantor’s ownership and does not extend to potential issues before that time.

In contrast to grant deeds, warranty deeds offer a more comprehensive guarantee. They assure the grantee that the property title is free from any encumbrances, such as liens or mortgages, providing a broader scope of protection. On the other hand, quitclaim deeds offer no guarantee regarding the status of the property title, making them a riskier option for grantees as they do not address any encumbrances that may exist on the property.

Each type of deed serves different purposes and offers varying levels of protection to the parties involved in a real estate transaction. The choice between them depends on the specific circumstances of the transfer and the degree of assurance the grantee seeks regarding the property’s title.